Biographical / Historical
Marilyn Laird Lloyd was born in Fort Smith, Arkansas in 1929. She received her college education at Shorter College in Rome, Georgia. Previous to her career as a congresswoman, Mrs. Lloyd was a businesswoman and owned a radio station in Dalton, Georgia, and Executive Aviation in Winchester, Tennessee. Mrs. Lloyd was elected to Congress in November of 1974, having become a Democrat nominee from the Third Congressional District of Tennessee following the death of her husband, Mort Lloyd, four weeks after the Democratic Primary. She was the first woman elected to serve as a United States Representative from Tennessee. Mrs. Lloyd served in Congress for the next twenty years, having been re-elected nine times.
While in Congress, Lloyd served on the Committee on Armed Services, including the subcommittee Procurement and Military Nuclear Systems Subcommittee; the Select Committee on Aging; the Committee on Public Works and Transportation; the Energy Research and Development Subcommittee of the House, Science, Space and Technology Committee (Chair); the Defense Nuclear Facilities Panel; and the Armed Services Committee Panel to the North Atlantic Assembly (Chair). She was also a member of the following caucuses: The Congressional Textile Caucus; the Coal Export Caucus; the Congressional Sunbelt Council; the Congressional Travel and Tourism Caucus; the Democratic Women's Council; and the Congressional Caucus on Competitiveness. Mrs. Lloyd was also the author of the Energy Research Development Administration Bill for both fiscal years of 1976 and 1977, as well as the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 and the Coal Technology and Utilization Act of 1984. Within the Third District of Tennessee, Mrs. Lloyd was actively involved in economic development and recruitment. During her twenty years in Congress, Mrs. Lloyd maintained one of the highest voter records. For the 100th Congress, Mrs. Lloyd was unanimously elected chairman of the Tennessee Valley Congressional Caucus and chaired the caucus for the entire Congress. During this time she was instrumental in bringing focus to the Tennessee Valley Authority's problems and putting the agency well on the road to recovery.
Marilyn Lloyd retired in 1994, choosing not to run for re-election to the 104th Congress.