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Andrews family papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS-004

Scope and Contents

This collection contains correspondence, genealogical research, photographs and drawings, newspaper clippings, drafts and other documents pertaining to published and unpublished materials created by several generations of Andrews family members, or about the Andrews family and extended family, all of whom lived primarily in Washington, Georgia and Chattanooga, Tennessee. The majority of the materials were created between 1830 and 1930. Notable persons within the collection are Judge Garnett Andrews (1798-1873), his son Colonel Garnett Andrews (1837-1903), his daughter Eliza Frances Andrews (1840-1931), and Colonel Garnett Andrews son, Garnett Andrews (1870-1946).

Dates

  • 1685-1992

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright status of this collection has not been evaluated.

Biographical / Historical

The Andrews family of Washington, Georgia was one of the founding families of Chattanooga, Tennessee. Judge Garnett Andrews (1793-1873) purchased an interest in Ross's Landing, which later grew into the city of Chattanooga, Tennessee. Judge Garnett Andrews father, John Andrews, had been a Revolutionary War soldier who served with the Continental Army from 1775-1783, and after the Revolution John Andrews moved his family from Virginia to a plantation in Georgia where Judge Garnett Andrews would spend his formative years. Judge Garnett Andrews became a lawyer and politician, and in 1834 was appointed as judge of the Northern Circuit of the Superior Court of Georgia, a position he held until he resigned in 1855. In 1868 he was returned to the bench by Reconstruction governor Rufus Bullock and served the Northern Circuit until his death in 1873. Three years before his death, Andrews wrote and published what became a classic memoir of Georgia's antebellum legal system, Reminiscences of an Old Georgia Lawyer.
Other notable members within this family collection are Judge Garnett Andrews’ son, Colonel Garnett Andrews (1837-1903), daughter Eliza Frances Andrews (1840-1931) and Colonel Garnett Andrews son, Garnett Andrews (1870-1946). Colonel Garnett Andrews was a lawyer and soldier who served in the Georgia Regiment with the rank of second lieutenant, in Robert E. Lee's Army of North Virginia, and in Cutt's Battalion of Artillery during the Civil War. Colonel Garnett Andrews then served as mayor of Chattanooga from 1891 to 1893, one of three mayors in the year 1891.
Judge Garnett Andrews’ daughter, Eliza Frances Andrews, a prolific writer and educator, is most known for her non-fiction work, The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl, 1864-1865 published by D. Appleton and Co. in 1908. Over the course of her lifetime Eliza Frances Andrews produced novels, poems and botany texts, as well as serials, articles, essays and editorials for more than 70 magazines and newspapers, under her own name and under her pen names, Fanny Andrews and Elzey Hay, such as A Family Secret (as Elzey Hay), published by Lippincott in 1876. In 1926, she became the first American woman invited into the prestigious International Academy of Literature and Science in Italy. Her journal within this collection documents the American Southeast during Reconstruction from 1870 to 1872 and acts as a continuation of The War Time Journal of a Georgia Girl, 1864-1865. Colonel Garnett Andrews’ son Garnett Andrews, Sr. is responsible for authoring and collecting detailed documents on the Andrews family genealogy.
Woody, David, "Col Garnett Andrews, Jr", Find a Grave, accessed July 8 2019. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/45369984/garnett-andrews
Woody, David, “Andrews, Garnett,” Georgia Info. An Online Georgia Almanac, accessed July 8 2019. https://georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu/topics/people/article/authors/garnett-andrews
Evans, Dave, “Col James Garnett Andrews Jr.” Military Records, accessed July 8 2019. Ancestry.com
“Eliza Frances "Fanny" Andrews,” Georgia Women of Achievement, accessed July 8 2019. georgiawomen.org/eliza-frances-andrews.com
Rushing, S. K., "Garnett Andrews (1798-1873)." New Georgia Encyclopedia. September 9 2014, accessed on July 8 2019. https://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/history-archaeology /garnett-andrews-1798-1873

Extent

2.26 Linear Feet (7 containers)

Language

English

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Rosalie Andrews McConnell donated this collection to the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga on 2003 September 23

Processing Information

Processing of this collection is complete.
Title
Andrews family papers
Status
Completed
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Collection Area Details

Part of the Manuscripts Collection Area

Contact:
615 McCallie Avenue
Chattanooga Tennessee 37403 USA
(423) 425-4503